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Types of Cancer

Nearly ten percent of Americans have been diagnosed with some form of cancer. Increased awareness, early detection, and targeted treatment methods are helping thousands of patients fight and beat the disease. Conemaugh Physician Group - Medical Oncology and the Conemaugh Cancer Care Center's team of dedicated specialists work together to diagnose and treat cancer in its earliest stage. Patients should consult with a physician for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Type of Cancer
Signs / Symptoms



Typically affects older adults

  • Blood in urine
  • Changes in urination
  • Lower back pain


Head and Neck

Approximately three times more common for men

  • Lump or sore that does not heal
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Change in voice



Close to 260,000 women diagnosed
each year in the United States.
Can also occur in men, but rare.

  • Lump in breast, rash or redness of breast
  • Nipple discharge, nipple pain, inverted nipple
  • Breast swelling, increased thickness of breast skin



Fourth most common cancer in
both men and women

  • Change in bowel habits
  • Blood in stool and rectal bleeding
  • Abdominal bloating / cramps



Four out of five cases occur in men

  • Trouble swallowing, feeling like food is lodged in throat
  • Persistent coughing / hoarseness
  • Chronic chest pain



Ovarian cancer is the deadliest of gynecological cancers

  • Ovarian - bloating, abdomen / pelvis pain
  • Feeling full quickly
  • Urinary frequency
  • Cerical / Uterine - abnormal vagina bleeding



Among the ten most common cancers in the United States

  • Blood in the urine
  • Mass in the abdomen
  • Swelling of the legs / lower back pain
  • Fatigue



More men are diagnosed with leukemia than women

Most common cancer in children

  • Bleeding gums and brusing easily
  • Persistent low grade fever
  • Swollen lymph nodes



Most common in men than women

  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea / vomiting
  • Swelling or fluid build-up in the abdomen
  • Yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice)



Non-Hodgkins is more common than Hodgkins

Occurs more in people ages 60 and over

  • Swelling of the lymph nodes with or without pain
  • Fever
  • Lack of energy


Oral Cancers

Nearly 50,000 Americans will be diagnosed each year

  • Sore in the mouth that will not heal
  • Persistent mouth pain
  • Difficulty swallowing or chewing
  • Persistent bad breath



Estimated 54,000 Americans will be diagnosed each year

  • Dark urine, pale stools, stools that float
  • Yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice)
  • Loss of appetite



1 in 7 men will be diagnosed in their lifetime

1.8 million men in the United States are survivors

  • Trouble urinating or frequent urination
  • Loss of bladder control
  • Blood in urine



1 in 5 Americans will be diagnosed in their lifetime

  • New or unusual growths on the skin
  • Flat, scaly, reddish patch
  • Pearly or waxy bumps on skin



Can develop in any part of the stomach

  • Abdominal pain
  • Poor appetite / weight loss without trying
  • Swelling or fluid build-up in abdomen