A concussion may seem trivial, like a bump on the head or a moment of foggy thinking or dizziness. But a concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury that changes the way the brain normally works. A concussion is caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body that causes the head and brain to move rapidly back and forth.
A concussion is a serious injury with serious consequences. Concussions may lead to impaired brain function and can contribute to long-term neurological disorders, including early dementia.
Each year, as many as 3.8 million sports and recreation-related concussions occur in the United States. Statistics from the Centers of Disease Control (CDC) report that children and youth aged 5 to 18 years old are at highest risk for concussions. For Pennsylvania, that statistic could equate to 156,000 concussions per year.